High-Altitude Rock Shelters and Settlements in an African Alpine Ecosystem: The Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia
Other: Fekadu, Mekbib
ProjectMember: Detsch, Florian Dr.
ProjectMember: Vogelsang, Ralf Dr.
ProjectMember: Bekele, Tamrat Dr.
ProjectLeader: Nauss, Thomas Prof. Dr.
ProjectLeader: Miehe, Georg Prof. Dr.
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This first survey of rock shelters and settlements in the Bale Mountains in Ethiopia is a baseline assessment for further research into the settlement history of Africa’s largest alpine highlands. Extensive GPS-based mapping and interviews resulted in two detailed maps, a catalogue of profiles, and complete photographic documentation. In total, 331 rock shelters (four permanently inhabited, 51 seasonally inhabited, and 276 currently uninhabited) and 870 settlements (207 permanently inhabited, 449 seasonally inhabited, 214 uninhabited) were recorded together with information about the activities and livelihoods of the inhabitants of the current settlements. This 2015 study was part of the Ethiopian-European research project “The mountain exile hypothesis – how humans benefited from and re-shaped African high-altitude ecosystems during Quaternary climate changes” (DFG FOR 2358). It was designed to support future management plans in this internationally important conservation area that has recently faced increasing land-use pressure and the threat of degradation1.0
IsSupplementTo: (DOI) https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-018-9999-5
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